Thursday, 7 January 2016

Latest Gynocology Interview Questions and Answers

11. Is irregular bleeding common when starting a new birth control pill?
Yes. It can take up to 3 months after switching to new a birth control pill before your menstrual period becomes regular. You should not discontinue your new pills for at least 3 months to see if they are going to begin working. Spotting between your cycle, nausea and occasional vomiting and headaches are all common when starting a new birth control method.

12. Can an ovarian cyst be normal?
During a woman?s menstrual cycle, ovarian cystformation is normal. These cysts are part of developing an egg to ovulate or to make hormones to support a potential early pregnancy, and are called functional cysts. These type of cysts should disappear with each cycle. I get worried that a cyst is abnormal if it persists for more than 2 cycles, if it is larger than 5 cm, or if it has unusual features such as a septum or solid elements. Sometimes a functional cyst can cause severe pain and internal bleeding if it should rupture internally. This is usually an emergent situation that requires immediate evaluation.

13. If I am no longer having my monthly period because ofmenopause, when should I be worried about new onset vaginalbleeding?
If you have not had a menstrual cycle in over 6 months you are probably in the menopause. The loss of your monthly period along with occasional hot flashes or night sweats usually indicate menopause. This begins for most women between the ages of 45 and 52. Any bleedingafter the menopause is considered abnormal and requires evaluation by a doctor immediately.

14. What should I do if I miss a birth control pill?
If you miss one pill, you should take it as soon as you remember and take the next one as usual.
If 2 pills are missed during the first 2 weeks of your cycle, then you should take 2 pills a day for the next 2 days and use a back-up method such as a condom for the next 7 days.
If 2 pills or more are missed in the 3rd week of the cycle then you should take 2 pills a day for the next 2 days and then complete the pack of pills. You should then begin your new pack on a Sunday. A back-up form of birth control should be used for the next 7 days such as a condom.

15. Should I continue to have a pelvic exam each year if I have had a Hysterectomy?
Women should have a yearly physical exam by a physician which includes a pelvic exam and breast exambeginning in their late teens and early twenties. All women should have their cholesterol checked every 3 to 5 years. A yearly mammogram is essential after age 40. Women over 50 need a screening colonoscopy every 5 years. There are different opinions concerning whether women should have a pap smear every year after hysterectomy. You should discuss your individual medical history with your doctor before deciding whether you should continue to get a pap smear after hysterectomy

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